Gujrat is an ancient district of Pakistan located in between two famous rivers, i.e., River Jehlum and River Chenab. Because of it's proximity with the rivers the land is good for cultivation with rice and sugar cane as main crops. It is bounded on the North-East by Jammu and Kashmir, on the North-West by the River Jhelum which separates it from Jhelum district, on the East and South-East by the river Chenab, separating it from the districts of Gujranwala and Sialkot, and on the West by Mandi Bahauddin district. District Gujrat is spread over an area of 3,192 square kilometres and comprises of the three tehsils of:
• Sarai Alamgir
Area and Population
According to 1998 Population and Housing Census, total population of Gujrat district is 20,48,000 persons out of which 10,26,000 are males and 10,22,000 are females. Density of population in the district is 642 persons per square Kilometre. Percentage break-up of the Rural and Urban population is 72.3% and 27.7% respectively.
This district has moderate climate, which is hot in summer and cold in winter. During Peak Summer, the day temperature shoots up to 45ºC, but the hot spells are comparatively shorter due to proximity of Azad Kashmir Mountains. The winter months are very pleasant and the minimum temperature may fall below 2ºC. The average rain-fall on the Kashmir border is over 100 cm, at Kharian it is 75 cm, at Gujrat 67 cm and at Dinga 50 cm
District Gujrat has been famous for the manufacture of low temperature pottery and ceramic goods. Apart from pottery, district Gujrat is also famous for the production of elegant ‘Hookas’. Moreover, Gujrat is famous for its beautiful and artistic handicrafts, Flower pots, "Changairian" made by leaves of palm and date trees, cotton mates, "Dhusse" and woolen shawls are famous and very much popular throughout the country and abroad.
Gujrat is also known in the world for it's clay with which Gujratis produce quality pottery since ages. Apart from agriculture and clay the city is well known due to its furniture manufacturing skills. Gujratis have mastered the skills of conditioning the wood and producing world class furniture having immaculate finish. Over last few decades Gujrat has also attained a name in export of electric fans.
Gujrat has a unique status throughout the Punjab due to some of its manufacturing capabilities and productions. There are about 1,059 cottage level and small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the district. Jalalpur is a large town of Gujrat, where several small and large textile industrial unit have been established.
There are many other industrial units and factories engaged in manufacturing of electrical goods (Fan), Electric Motors, Earthen Utensils, Shoes, Rubber Tyre Tube, Sanitary Ware ,Rice Cleaning Mills and Furniture. The high quality furniture made here have been used in National and Provincial Assemblies. The story of emergence of electric fan manufacturing industry in Pakistan is one of those heroic efforts made by a few enterprising individuals who. Starting with nothing in early 1940s struggled against all odds and turned this concern into a most efficient industry in Pakistan.
This is an industry on which all Pakistanis can rightly be proud of. It does not owe its success to any foreign collaboration or any from the Government, but only to its own people whose constant research for maintaining good quality and devising new methods and techniques of production have now resulted in a product which we can rightfully claim as among the best in the world. There are now over five hundred fan manufacturing units operating in Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore and a few other cities. Except for a few, the rest falls into the category of cottage industry. These small units from the real backbone of this industry. They provide employment to a large number of people and all put together account of more than 90 percent of the domestic market.
Gujrat, situated beside the grand trunk road and main Railway track is directly connected with the major cities like provincial and central metropolises of the country.
The district has a total metalled road-length of 1019 Kilometres. The district is linked with Gujranwala, Jhelum, Mandi Bahauddin districts through metalled roads.
The main Peshawar-Karachi railway line passes through Gujrat district. The district is linked with Jhelum and Gujranwala districts through railway network.
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan named the region "Khita-e-Younan", or "Territory resembling ancient Greece, referring to the high number of educational institutes present in the area. The following universities and colleges are located in Gujrat:
• University of Gujrat
• Govt. Zaminadar College, Bhimber Road
• Govt. Fatima Jinnah Degree College for Girls, Fawara Chowk
• Govt. College For Girls, Maraghzar Colony, Bhimber Road
• Swedish Pakistani Institute of Technology
• Nawaz Sharif Medical College, Hafiz Hayat
• Chenab Group Of Colleges
Sain Kanwa Wali Sarkar.Karam Elahi, a famous sufi saint, he belonged to a famous Arain family of Gujrat. There takes place a famous fair on his anniversary and it is consider a significant local festival.
Nawab Sir Fazal Ali, Head of Nawab Family of Gujrat and Founder of Zamindara College.
Major Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed, a recipient of the Nishan-e-Haider (Pakistan's highest Military award) during the India-Pakistan war of 1965 was born in Laadhian, a village in Gujrat.
Major Muhammad Akram, another recipient of the Nishan-e-Haider during the India-Pakistan war of 17 December 1971, was born in Dinga, a village near Gujrat.
Major Shabir Sharif was another recipient of the Nishan-e-Haider.
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry, former President of Pakistan.
Ch Ahmad Mukhtar, owner of Service Shoe Factory, Present Defence Minister Of Pakistan.
Nawabzada Ghazanfar Ali Gul, former Member National Assembly.
Ch. Aitzaz Ahsan, Ex-President Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan.
Inayat Hussain Bhatti, singer, actor, producer, director, script writer, social worker, columnist and religious scholar.
Sabiha Khanum, a famous Film Actress of 1970's, wife of famous actor Musa Raza (Santosh Kumar).
Ch. Shujat Hussian, President of PMLQ,Former Prime minster of Pakistan.
Ch. Pervez Elahi, President of PMLQ Punjab,Former chief minster of Punjab.